Oxfordshire is introducing 20mph on many main roads, on rural roads where they pass through villages and on larger sections of Oxford's main roads. Here I look at what is happening - and should be happening - in Oxford.
The sections of road that I know are planned to become 20mph are in dark blue:
- The 20mph changes in South and East Oxford (and on Marston Rd) are planned as part of the Quickways schemes. The speed limit changes here accompany centre-line removal and carriageway narrowing using wide advisory cycle lanes.
- The masterplan for the Oxpens development says (as of November 2021) "Reduce the speed limit along Oxpens Road to 20mph".
- Making Botley Rd 20mph as far west as the Bullstake Bridge was decided by the previous county government.
- The preliminary Woodstock Rd corridor plans included only a small extension of 20mph, roughly to Observatory St, but I think the county has been persuaded to extend that much further, to just south of Squitchey Lane. This would cover the section with sub-standard width cycle tracks; there are also many minor road junctions and heavily used crossings here.
This seems rather ad hoc. I believe we need a coherent 20mph scheme across Oxford, which looks not just at local concerns but at the broader geography, creating a simple structure that avoids multiple speed limit changes, since those confuse people and reduce compliance. My suggestions as to how to fill out a coherent scheme are in light blue:
- Thame St - junctions and crossings with high levels of foot-cycle use; should be changed along with Oxpens
- Botley Rd to Seacourt - some residential side-streets, the junctions with the retail park and the park&ride
- Banbury Rd - high levels of foot and cycle use, with many minor road junctions and the major junction with the B4495; should match Woodstock Rd at the northern end
- Marston Ferry Rd - to cover the entries to Ferry Pool Rd, Cherwell north and south, and the nursery
- Marston junction and Headley Way - the junctions with Marsh Lane, Marston Rd, and the JR entry would all be safer and easier to negotiate; there are also many minor road junctions
- Headington Hill - there are no frontages here, but there is a junction with Cheney Lane; even if 20mph signage didn't reduce speeds, it might reduce aggression against people cycling in primary; it would also avoid having a single short 30mph enclave
- The Slade and the rest of Hollow Way - the cycle tracks on the Slade are sub-standard width (and lack the LTN1/20 recommended buffer); the roundabout would be safer at 20mph; there are many minor road junctions
This would create a conceptually and practically simple scheme, with most people driving into Oxford encountering just two speed limit changes, from the ring-road 50mph down to 30mph, then from 30mph to 20mph.
Update: On reconsideration, I would make Botley Rd / West Way 20mph as far as the Eynsham Rd -Cumnor Hill junction.
A possible exception is the current 40mph stretch of Marston Ferry Rd. This doesn't have entries or crossings except for an informal crossing just east of the Cherwell, which will see increased use with the housing developments on Mill Lane. So I would suggest Marston Ferry Rd be dropped to 30mph, if not 20mph, so a zebra crossing can be put in place there.
Much of Binsey Lane is, bizarrely, National Speed Limit or 60mph. This should also be dropped to 20mph.
Lower speeds are clearly safer, especially for people walking and cycling. Both zebra crossings, "dropped kerbs with islands", and informal crossings are easier to use with slower traffic. Main road junctions will also be safer and more accessible with slower moving motor traffic. And slower traffic reduces the levels of cycling infrastructure required (at 30mph, for example, LTN1/20 wants a 0.5 metre buffer between cycle tracks and motor traffic).
Obviously dropping speed limits from 30mph to 20mph with no traffic calming (and probably little enforcement) won't drop speeds by 10mph, but the evidence is that it does have some effect on speeds, and even a 1-2mph reduction reduces the severity of injuries. That may be helped by increasing numbers of cars with Intelligent Speed Assist, and even a little enforcement by police could make a significant difference. One set of average speed cameras on the longest stretch of each radial would have a huge impact.
If the Department for Transport ever approves 15mph speed limits - which the City of London is asking for - then I think those should be used in Oxford, probably on the streets and roads which are currently 20mph (so on side streets and the innermost sections of main/classified roads).